Category: Architecture

Pakistan has a distinct architecture which is an blend of Islamic and oriental components, Mughal architecture can be regarded as the basic template of traditional Pakistani architecture. Although contemporary style is also prevalent.

Emaar to build Tallest building higher than Burj Khalifa

Emaar Worlds Tallest Building




 Worlds Tallest Building

The architect behind a new US$1 billion Dubai tower that will stand higher than Burj Khalifa says it will represent anation like The Eiffel Tower.

The Paris landmark was built for the 1889 Paris Expo.

Now Dubai’s Emaar Properties is aiming to emulate that architectural impact as preparations get under way for Dubai’s own Expo 2020.

Emaar Properties will attempt to deliver the new Dubai Creek tower and a linked “mega-retail district” at the same time so that they are both open by the time Dubai’s Expo 2020 event begins .

More project details were revealed by the Emaar Properties chairman Mohamed Alabbar and the Spanish-Swiss architect Santiago Calatrava yesterday.

“There’s no doubt that the Eiffel Tower has inspired over 100 years,” said Mr Calatrava. “It represents a city, a whole nation. It still today is a monument. I feel so proud to be part of a team that aims to obtain a similar achievement.”

Mr Calatrava’s design was chosen by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid, Vice President of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai, in February following an international competition between five of the world’s top practices.

 Mr Alabbar said that the UAE had only 44 years of history compared to Paris, but believed that this as-yet-unnamed tower could serve as a similar landmark in the future.

Although the overall height of the tower, which will cost about $1bn to construct, was not revealed, Mr Alabbar said it would probably “be a notch taller” than Burj Khalifa – currently the world’s tallest tower but due to be surpassed by the proposed 1km-high Kingdom Tower in Jeddah in 2018.

 The Dubai Creek tower will mainly serve as an architectural tower than a working building, but there will be between 18 and 20 upper floors used for a hotel with restaurants, function rooms, an interior garden space and an observation deck.

The new Tallest building is likely to be built under three packages, with one company handling the foundation, another building its concrete core and a third carrying out the fabrication of the steel cables, which will be among some of the longest ever used.

 Structurally, the tower will have a concrete core and will be clad in glass and steel. An observation deck will offer unencumbered, 360-degree views of the city. Mr Calatrava said that it will also feature spinning platforms that can take guests outside of the deck into the tower’s void to offer more impressive views.

Work on foundation piling is likely to begin “in late June or early July”, Mr Alabbar said yesterday, with a view to the entire tower being ready in four years.

 The 6-square-km Dubai Creek Harbour project is being developed in a joint venture with Dubai Properties.

It features a 4.5km Creek boardwalk and will also house nine lifestyle districts, 22 hotels, a yacht club, marina and a harbour.

Mr Alabbar said that the new “mega-retail district” that will be linked to the tower is currently under the design phase, but should be announced within the next one to two months. When asked if Emaar’s ambition was to complete this element at the same time as the tower, he said: “We are pushing day and night. We would like to finish it together. It would make sense.”



Shah Jahan Mosque

Shahjahan Masjid information board

The Shah Jahan Mosque is located in Thatta, Sindh province, Pakistan. It was built during the reign of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. He made it as a gift for the kind and warm hospitality of the people of Thatta. It is unique in this way that it contains no minarets but has a total of a staggering, 100 domes, the highest for any structure in Pakistan. Unlike other Mughal-era structures, it also does not contain pink sandstone. It was made using materials from areas of Sunday such as Hala (where the bricks were imported from).



Thatta (Sindhi: ٺٽو‎; is a city and capital of Thatta District. It will be capital of the announced Banbhore Division. It is a historic town of 220,000 inhabitants in the Sindh province of Pakistan, near Lake Keenjhar, the largest freshwater lake in the country.

Thatta’s major monument, the necropolis at Makli Hill, is listed among the World Heritage Sites. The Shah Jahan Mosque, Thatta is mentioned separately on the tentative list since 1993. Located 100 km (62 mi) east of the provincial capital of Sindh, Karachi, it makes for a practical escape for people from the city seeking to visit the picturesque old town.

The symbol of Thatta, Shahjahan Masjid

Makli graveyard

Makli Hill is one of the largest necropolises in the world, with a diameter of approximately 8 km. It lies approximately 98 km east of Karachi and is the burial place of some 125,000 local rulers, Sufi saints and others. Makli is on the outskirts of Thatta, the capital of lower Sindh until the 17th century, in what is the southeastern province of present-day Pakistan. It was added to the World Heritage List in 1981 under the name Historical Monuments of Thatta.

Makli graveyard

Legends abound about its inception, but it is often believed that the cemetery grew around the shrine of a 14th-century Sarwa, Muhammad Hussain Abro. According to other sources, however, the credit for establishing Makli as a holy place for worship and burial goes to the immigrant saint, poet and scholar Shaikh Hammad Jamali and the then local ruler, Jam Tamachi.Another legendary person buried at Makli is the saint Pir Murad (1428-1488).

The tombs and gravestones spread over the cemetery mark the social and political history of Sindh. Many have been build using a local sandstone; others are plastered brick buildings (which have suffered the most, generally).

The impressive royal mausoleums are divided into two major groups: those from the Samma (1352–1520) and from the Tarkhan (1556–1592) period. Four historical periods are represented architecturally — the Samma, the Arghun, the Tarkhan and the Mughals periods.

The tomb (or maqbara) of the King Jam Nizamuddin II (reigned 1461–1508) is an impressive square structure built of sandstone and decorated with floral and geometric medallions. Similar to this is the mausoleum of Isa Khan Hussain II (d. 1651), a two-story stone building with majestic cupolas and balconies. In contrast to the synthetic architecture of these two monuments, which integrate Hindu and Islamic motifs, are mausoleums that clearly show the Central Asian roots of the Tarkhan and Moghul dynasties. An example is the tomb of Jan Beg Tarkhan (d. 1600), a typical octagonal brick structure whose dome is covered in blue and turquoise glazed tiles. Pavilion or canopy tombs (chattri maqbara or umbrella tomb) are another typical Indo-Islamic architectural feature, as well as enclosure tombs. The Moghul period is represented by many tombs on the southern side of the necropolis, including the mausoleum of Mirza Jani and Mirza Ghazi Baig, that of Nawab Shurfa Khan, the enclosure of Mirza Baqi Baig Uzbek and of Mirza Jan Baba as well as the impressive restored tomb of Nawab Isa Khan Tarkhan the Younger.

Today, Makli Hill is a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Site that is visited by pilgrims and tourists, but is in strong need of conservation and maintenance. Flooding in 2010 added to the deterioration of the site.



Ratodero (town) is the capital of Ratodero Taluka a sub-division of Larkana District in the Sindh province of Pakistan; it is some 28 km from the district capital Larkana. Since independence of Pakistan, the city has a special reputation for its sweet products. The most special is known as Mawa and handmade caps known as Sindhi topi and footwear. At present the principal trade of the town is that of paddy and rice, and there are many rice mills.