Category: Technology

This category includes all information about Technologies articles of Pakistan.

IPHONE 7 Overview

Iphone 7


  • Beautiful screen
  • Unique camera
  • Solid battery life
  • Class-leading performance
  • Potent speakers


  • Expensive
  • No headphone jack
  • Largely unchanged design

Key Features

  • 5.5-inch Full HD screen with wide colour gamut
  • A10 Fusion processor with 3GB RAM
  • Water-resistant IP67
  • 12-megapixel telephoto camera
  • 7-megapixel selfie camera
  • 32, 128 & 256GB storage options
  • 2900mAh battery
  • Manufacturer: Apple
  • Review Price: £719.00

Update: The iPhone 7 Plus now comes in a lovely new hue. A new red colour now sits alongside the duo of blacks, silver, gold and rose gold and we think it looks absolutely fantastic. Check out the picture below for a better look.

red iphone 7

What is the iPhone 7 Plus?

Apple’s latest phablet takes the familiar iPhone formula and tweaks it once again. It’s not going to wow you with a new design or massive innovations, but the iPhone 7 Plus is a great phone. It offers everything the iPhone 7 does – speedy performance, water resistance, loud speakers, great cameras – but adds some clever features that in many are more important than flashy specs.

On the other hand, the 7 Plus costs a small fortune. The weakened pound means this is the most expensive iPhone we’ve ever seen released in the UK. If you’re dead set on an iPhone, though, this is the one I’d recommend, not least because the iPhone 7 Plus’s battery life is excellent.

Related: Best Smartphones to Buy

iPhone 7 Plus – Design

The shape and feel of the iPhone 7 Plus is very much like that of the two versions before it. It’s big – properly big – especially when you add a case to it.

Yes, it has an expansive screen, but it’s the iPhone 7 Plus’s height that makes it a handful.

If you haven’t used a phablet before, it’s worth testing out first. I found it takes about a week to get accustomed to a larger phone, but I wouldn’t go back. There’s just so much more you can do with a screen this size, but some will struggle to use it easily.

Related: Galaxy S8 hands-on

plus 7

In other respects the design has been refined a little. The antenna bands that strapped the back now curve across the top and bottom edges of the phone. On the back there’s a far more pronounced camera bump.

There are two brand-new iPhone 7 Plus colours to choose from and both feel very different. The first is Jet Black, which has a slick, almost ceramic, feel to it. It looks fantastic, it’s grippy and it’s the colour I’d choose. There are a couple of catches, though: you’ll need to polish it regularly to get fingerprint marks off it, but more worryingly it marks with fine scratches a little too easily. If you do choose it, you’ll need to treat it with kid gloves to keep it looking its best.

WATCH: iPhone 7 Plus review

The new Black version looks like a darker version of Space Grey. Oddly, though, it doesn’t have the same grippy texture as other iPhone colours, which means it’s a bit slippery. I wouldn’t use it without a case, but when you’ve seen as many smashed screens as me, you’d use a case for any phone.

Those alterations are all cosmetic, though. There are three really important changes of which you should be aware when it comes to the 7 Plus. The first is that it’s water resistant to an IP67 rating. That means you can submerge it in up to 1m of water for up to 30 minutes. It’s a great addition to the iPhone – especially if, like me, you’ve accidentally dunked phones and ruined them in the past.

Related: Galaxy S8+ hands-on

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The second is a change to the iPhone 7 Plus’s home button. Gone is the iconic click to which we’ve become so accustomed. It’s not a button at all now, but rather it’s a capacitive pad. It recognises your fingers in much the same way as the touchscreen does, so that means you don’t actually depress it. Instead the clever boffins at Apple have used the rumble provided by an upgraded Haptic engine to make it feel as if it’s been pressed.

It works, too. It took me minutes to get used to the new feel, and now I prefer it – if only because it’s a lot less likely to go wrong now that it’s no longer mechanical. Of course, it still comes with the excellent Touch ID fingerprint scanner built in.

The third big change will likely affect you the most. It’s the now infamous removal of the traditional 3.5mm headphone jack. Yes, it’s an annoying omission, but it hasn’t bothered me as much as I thought it would.

The 7 Plus comes with a small cable adapter that is now permanently attached to my Sennheiser Momentum 2.0 headphones, and you also get a pair of Lightning EarPods for good measure. What Apple is really trying to do here, though, is move us all towards wireless headphones. I’m a convert to them simply for their convenience, and there are now plenty of excellent wireless headphones to choose from.

Buy Now: iPhone 7 Plus at from $947

Judging from Apple’s launch of the iPhone 7 Plus, another reason for removing the headphone jack was to accommodate the new Haptic engine. It does add a new element to using the phone – vibrations are now a lot more nuanced, so you can tell what type of notification you’re getting without having the sound on, or looking at the screen.

Related: Best Wireless Headphones to Buy

plus 5

The iPhone 7 Plus looks good, but it’s not groundbreaking. This is still essentially the same design we saw with the first Plus two years ago. Unless you go for the Jet Black option, owning an iPhone is no longer the design statement it once was. The big question is whether the water resistance and better Haptics are enough of trade-off for the lack of a headphone jack. I’d like the 7 Plus to have it all.

iPhone 7 Plus – Screen and Speakers

Full HD resolution sounds old hat now. Plenty of phones from Samsung, LG and others have packed ultra-sharp quad-HD screens for years. The iPhone 7 Plus doesn’t follow suit and keeps to what Apple designates as a “Retina” display. This just means you can’t really see the pixels, but the pixel density isn’t as high as on, for example, the Samsung Galaxy S7.

I don’t care one jot. This is my favourite display on any phone, regardless of resolution.

Full HD is still plenty sharp for everything barring virtual reality, where the screen sits an inch from your eyes and is amplified by lenses.

The iPhone 7 Plus’s screen might not have the highest resolution, but it has the widest colour gamut. It uses something called DCI P3, a range of colours used by movie makers that encompasses a larger spectrum, allowing for more realistic and diverse tones.

plus 11

It looks superb, with the extra area afforded by the bigger screen making it even better than on the 4.7-inch display of the smaller iPhone 7.

The colours are great, but it’s also bright, so it can be viewed even in strong sunlight. It helps that it’s not very reflective either.

Bingeing on Netflix is a joy, particularly if you use the tremendous built-in speakers. These are excellent – for a phone. For starters, they’re very loud – loud enough that I was easily able to hear over the cacophony of a busy kitchen with the kettle boiling and frying pan sizzling. They’re not particularly refined, however. At the top volume the iPhone 7 Plus can sound a little harsh, and there’s very little bass. Still, they’re top-notch for a phone.



PCSIR (Pakistani Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)

Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR) was established in 1953 under Societies Act to promote the cause of Science and Technology in the country. Since 1973, it is functioning under the Act of Parliament, which was amended in 1984. Chief Executive of the Council is the Chairman who is appointed by the Federal Government. The 21- member Council is the policy making body of the PCSIR, which is composed of Chairman, three Members of the Governing Body, three Directors of PCSIR Laboratories, four representatives from four ministries, four Directors of Industries, one from each province and six representatives of the industry.
The Governing Body is the executive organ of the Council and comprises of the Chairman and three full-time members viz Member (Science), Member (Technology) and Member (Finance), nominated by the Government.The Head
Office of the PCSIR is functioning at Islamabad where offices of the Chairman, Member (Science), Member (Technology), Member (Finance) and Secretary PCSIR are located. The Science Wing is headed by Member (Science), who supervises matters relating to R&D, Training, International Affairs and Scientific Information Services. The Technology Wing is headed by the Member (Technology), who looks after the matters relating to Technology, Industrial Liaison and Civil Works. The Finance Wing is headed by the Member (Finance) who is in charge of activities in Finance and Audit and Accounts Divisions. The Chairman is assisted by the Secretary and Administration and Establishment Wings, working directly under him.
There are eleven Laboratories / Units and five HRD Centres established throughout the country, headed by Director Generals / Directors who directly report to the Chairman. In Head Office 150 officers / staff including 07 Directors are working in different divisions / wings. There are 570 Scientists / Engineers / Technologists working in different Laboratories supported by 859 technicians/skilled workers/supporting staff and 1125 non-technical (administrative/ accounts / security etc.) staff.


Pakistan Council for Science and Technology

Pakistan Council for Science and Technology (PCST) is mandated to advise the Government on the development of Science and Technology at the national level. The Council is involved in S&T Policy making, planning, implementation and in carrying out policy studies. PCST is also the secretariat of National Commission of Science and Technology (NCST), headed by the Prime Minister (which takes the major decisions for the development of S&T)


  • Advising the Government on S&T policy and plans.
  • Regular evaluation of scientific research through bibliometric and peer review techniques.
  • Strategic planning of R&D through expert committees/think tanks.
  • Scientometric and futuristic studies.
  • Promotion of R&D and encouragement of consultancy services for scientists and technologists.


The functions of the Council are:

  • To discuss all policy matters, proposals and issues on the overall development of science and technology in the country and provide recommendations and advice to the National Commission for Science and Technology for facilitating their decision-making;
  • To identify priority areas of research and development keeping in view the futuristic developments of science and technology especially those of the disciplines falling the high technolgy fields;
  • To act as an independent forum of senior and eminent scientists and technologists of the country and to act as a “Think Tank” to the Federal Government on policies and problems of national importance in respect of science and technology;
  • To collect science and technology statistics and maintain a data bank of the research and development institutions of the country;
  • To provide a forum for co-ordination of S&T activities with national and international agencies;
  • To enter into contracts, agreements with national agencies for undertaking development projects in fields relevant to the functions of the Council; and
  • To organize study groups and task forces for dealing witth issues such as:-
    • Scientometric studies and analysis of science and technology data;
    • Assessement and innovation of impact of science and technology policies and programmes on the overall development of the country;
    • Preparation of state of art reports on certain important scientific and technological issues;
    • Identification of priority subjects with reference to their bearing on socio-economic development and national security; and
    • Encouragement of consultancy services for scientists and technologists in various important fields

Science and technology in Pakistan

In Pakistan, science and technology serve as an important part of national practices, and extreme national identities. From the 1996s till present, science and technology have been linked to the national ideology and practical functioning of Pakistan, notably the Pakistan Armed Forces, while science and technology is a growing and flourishing field in Pakistan.

Since its independence from Great Britain in 1947, the newly found nation of Pakistan has seen a large influx of Muslim Indian scientists, engineers, doctors, and technicians assuming an active role in its fields of science and technology. Liaquat Ali Khan (office: 15 August 1947 – 16 October 1951), the first Prime Minister, invited hundreds of scientists from India and made various reforms to initiate improvement in higher education and scientific research.

Pakistani scientists won acclaim in several fields. They were at the cutting edge of science in fields such as mathematics and in several branches of physical science, notably theoretical and nuclear physics, chemistry, and astronomy. Professor Abdul Salam, a theoretical physicist, was the first and to date (November 3, 2013) the only Pakistani to have won the very prestigious Noble prize in 1979, in the category of physics. Furthermore, technology is mostly high developed in the fields of nuclear physics and Explosive Engineering, where the arms race with the India convinced policy makers to set aside sufficient resources for research. Due to a crash programme directed by Pakistan Atomic Energy Commision (PAEC), Pakistan is the seventh nation to have developed an Atomic bomb. Pakistan first publicly tested its devices on 28 and 30 May 1998.Pakistan launched Badr-I followed by Badr-II in 2001. Since the 1980s, the space programme dedicated itself to military technologies (Space weapons programs and integrated missile systems), and maintains a strong programme developed for military applications.

An aftermath of the 1971 Indo-Pakistan Winter War was that Bhutto increased scientific funding by the Government by more than 200%, mostly dedicated to military research and development. Bhutto, with the help of his Science Adviser Dr. Salam, gathered hundreds of Pakistani scientists working abroad to develop what became Pakistan’s atom bomb. This crash programme was directed at first by Dr. Abdus Salam until 1974 and then directed and led by Munir Ahmad Khan from 1974 until 1991. For the first time an effort was made by the government when Pakistan’s citizens made advancements in nuclear physics, theoretical physics and mathematics. In the 1980s, General Zia-ul-Haq radicalized the science by enforcing pseudoscience – by his Muslim fundamentalists as administrators – in Pakistan’s schools and universities. One of the premiers was Mazhar Mahmood Qurashi, a physicist educated in the United Kingdom, and Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood, a nuclear engineer, also educated in the United Kingdom. They played a major role in radicalizing the science in Pakistan. General Zia-ul-Haq later promoted Dr.Abdul Qadeer Khan to export the sensitive industrial (military) technologies to Libya, Iran, and North Korea. Because of government control, academic research in Pakistan remains highly classified and unknown to the international scientific community. There have been several failed attempts made by foreign powers to infiltrate the country’s research facilities to learn how much research has progressed and how much clandestine knowledge has been gained by Pakistan’s scientific community. One of the notable cases was in the 1970s, when the Libyan intelligence made an unsuccessful attempt to gain knowledge on critical aspects of nuclear physics, and crucial mathematical calculations in theoretical physics, but was thwarted by the ISI Directorate for Joint Intelligence Technical (JIT). From the 1980s and onward, both the Russian intelligence and the Central Intelligence Agency made several attempts to access Pakistan’s research but because of the ISI, they were unable to gain any information. From the period 1980 to 2004, research in science fell short until General Pervez Mushrraf established the Higher Education Commission (HEC) which heightened the contribution of science and technology in Pakistan. Major research was undertaken by Pakistan’s institutes in the field of natural sciences. In 2003, the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Government of Pakistan and the United States Department of State signed a comprehensive Science and Technology Cooperation Agreement that established a framework to increase cooperation in science, technology, engineering and education for mutual benefit and peaceful purposes between the science and education communities in both countries. In 2005, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) joined with the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) and the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan to support the joint Pakistan-U.S. Science and Technology Cooperation Program. Beginning in 2008, the United States Department of State (DOS) joined USAID as U.S. co-sponsor of the program. This program, which is being implemented by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences on the U.S. side, is intended to increase the strength and breadth of cooperation and linkages between Pakistan scientists and institutions with counterparts in the United States. However, with the unfavorable situations, research declined. In 2011, the government dissolved the HEC and the control of education was taken by governmental ministries.NED-University-Formula-Racing-Car