Category: Wildlife of Pakistan

Animal life of Pakistan

Sea Turtles

Sea Turtles
Along the shores of the Balochistan and Sindh beaches, five endangered sea turtle species are still surviving. They are the Green Sea turtles, Hawksbill turtles, Loggerhead turtles, Olive Ridley turtles and Leatherback turtles.

green turtles

Green Turtles breed in different countries in different season generally from July to November. In Pakistan, Green Turtle nests for eggs on Sandspit and Hawksbay beaches throughout the year with a remarkable apex from September to January. A breeding female nests three to four times during the season. Every year, an average of 800 nests have been observed at beaches of Karachi. Coastal areas of Balochistan are also believed to support a large number of Green Turtles.

The Green Turtle species is facing various challenges in order to last in marine world. The threats to its populations include several factors from its low growth rate to other environmental constraints. The rate of successful hatching from eggs in an ideal situation and habitat is just 55 percent. The eggs buried in sand are also foraged by crabs, crows, eagle and stray dogs etc. The survival rate of hatchlings in sea is as low as 0.1 percent, since a large number of baby turtles are eaten by fish and other under water creatures. Many large and small turtles are also trapped in nets of fish-trawlers.

There is another perilous fact about newly born turtles that they start crawling towards light. Those who have been hatched in night hours will move toward any hut with lights, instead of going into the sea. There is a risk of being consumed by dogs as well as quashing by any vehicle for those little turtles.


Mugger Crocodile

Mugger Crocodile

Geographic Range

This croc is found primarily on the Indian subcontinent and extends into Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Biogeographic Regions

  • oriental
    • native
  • indian ocean
    • native

      Mugger Croc


This species is not only found in freshwater lakes, ponds, and marshes, but it has adapted well to reserviors, irrigation canals, human-made ponds, and even recently in coastal saltwater lagoons. The mugger likes relatively shallow water, no deeper than 5m, and avoids fast-flowing rivers. The mugger is also known to bury itself into mud to escape the searing heat of India during the dry season.

  • Aquatic Biomes
  • lakes and ponds
  • rivers and streams

Physical Description

They are medium to large crocodiles, reaching 4 to 5 meters in length. Like all crocodiles, they have an elongate, robust skull and jaw musculature. They have the broadest snout of any living member of Crocodylus.

  • Other Physical Features
  • ectothermic
  • heterothermic
  • bilateral symmetry’

These Crocodile, ‘water monster’, is commonly referred to as the Indus Crocodile. It is the national reptile of Pakistan, found on the Makran Coast and the Delta Marshlands of Sindh. These crocodiles are dark grey, tan or brown in colour!


Lalukhet Bird Market

Macaw for sale in Lalukhet

Lalukhet Bird Market located in the heart of city is one of the busiest and largest bird markets of the regions speculators have even said that it is the largest of its kind in Asia.

bustling lalukhet market on Sunday


Bird buyers and sailors come together from all parts of Karachi and all parts of Pakistan to do their business in free for all type of buying and selling, prices and breeds are the finest anybody can find. Apart from permanent shops located in the area, real Bird Bazar sets in on Sunday which is also called Sunday Bird Bazar which is waited for all week by bird lovers across Karachi. Birds raised at households and huge aviaries make their way at Lalukhet Bird market belonging to exotic and native breeds. Overall Lalukhet Bird market is a must see in Karachi.

Bird chicks for sale

Karachi Safari park

Karachi Safari Park, opened in 1970, is a public funded ‘family-only’ safari park covering an area of 148 acres (0.60 km2), located in Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. It has a zoo, geared with viewing facilities like a chairlift and safari tracks, as well as two natural lakes. A privately funded amusement park, Go Aish, is located in the Safari Park’s vicinity.

Chairlifts on swan lake

Karachi Safari Park was inaugurated in 1970 by Lieutenant General Atiq-ur-Rehman. It was an independent project of the then Karachi Municipal Corporation. The creation of an independent zoo, safari and aquarium department followed in 1995. Karachi Safari Park is now an independent wing of the Community Development Department of City District Government of Karachi and has been designated as a ‘family park’.

Swan lake: A natural lake is located inside the safari park featuring a pagoda style sitting place.
Chairlift: The 10 minutes long chairlift ride was set up at a cost of US$ 2 million and was inaugurated by the Karachi City Nazim Syed Mustafa Kamal on March 8, 2006.
Go Aish: A private theme park featuring ropes course, paintball, quad biking, indoor climbing and a mini golf course.
Elephant enclave: An enclave of about 65,000 square including a bathing space and resting area for the elephants has been constructed in the park for the joy of visitors and the elephants.
Future projects:
Aviary: In June 2012, administrator of KMC, Muhammad Hussain Syed, told The Nation that the country’s biggest aviary was being constructed speedily inside the safari park.
Boating: In September 2012, it was announced that pedalo boating would be introduced in the lake.
Camping site: A 300 acres of scouting land and camping area was also reported to be under development in October 2012.
Museum: A 3000 yards expanse will be used by KMC to develop a unique museum for the endangered birds in Safari Park in accordance with the International Standards. This move will help raise awareness about the ongoing extinction alert for rare bird species.



Pakistani Yak

Yaks are found throughout northern icy valleys of Pakistan, especially in Gilgit Baltistan, both domesticated and wild.

hornless yak

Yaks are heavily built animals with a bulky frame, sturdy legs, and rounded cloven hooves, and extremely dense, long fur that hangs down lower than the belly. While wild yaks are generally dark, blackish to brown, in colouration, domestic yaks can be quite variable in colour, often having patches of rusty brown and cream. They have small ears and a wide forehead, with smooth horns that are generally dark in colour. In males, the horns sweep out from the sides of the head, and then curve forward; they typically range from 48 to 99 cm (19 to 39 in) in length. The horns of females are smaller, only 27 to 64 cm (11 to 25 in) in length, and have a more upright shape. Both sexes have a short neck with a pronounced hump over the shoulders, although this is larger and more visible in males. Males weigh 350 to 580 kg (770 to 1,280 lb), females weigh 225 to 255 kg (496 to 562 lb). Wild yaks can be substantially heavier, males reaching weights of up to 1,000 kilograms (2,200 lb).

Both sexes have long shaggy hair with a dense woolly undercoat over the chest, flanks, and thighs to insulate them from the cold. Especially in males, this may form a long “skirt” that can reach the ground. The tail is long and horselike rather than tufted like the tails of cattle or bison. Domesticated yaks have a wide range of coat colours, with some individuals being white, grey, brown, roan or piebald. The udder in females and the scrotum in males are small and hairy, as protection against the cold. Females have four teats.

Yaks grunt and, unlike cattle, are not known to produce the characteristic bovine lowing (mooing) sound, which inspired the scientific names of both yak variants, Bos grunniens (grunting bull) and Bos mutus (silent bull).