Tag: Allama Iqbal

Allama Mohammad Iqbal

Complete biography of Allama Mohammad Iqbal as he is one of the renowned and significant leaders who have played a vital role in the independence of Pakistan. Iqbal is the national poet of Pakistan who was born on the 22nd of February, 1873 in Punjab. The forefathers of Iqbal were the Brahmins of Kashmir but Hundreds of years earlier they accepted Islam and were very pious and devoted people. Iqbal received his primary education from a local school in Sialkot before he passed the exam for an intermediary college. The literary knowledge and the aptitude of poetry were transformed in Iqbal from Mir Hassan, who was a great oriental scholar. Iqbal was very much keen is acquiring the Islamic knowledge so has its favorites subject if Islamic studies.

Allama Muhammad Iqbal Biography

Allama Muhammad Iqbal Biography

Passing on to the Government College of Lahore, Iqbal did his graduation with English Literature, Philosophy and Arabic as his subjects. At the college he met Prof. Arnold and Sir Abdul Qadir. Iqbal’s poem, Chand (moon) and other early poems appeared in the journal (which belonged to Sir Abdul Qadir) in 1901 and were acclaimed by critics as cutting a new path in Urdu poetry. Later Iqbal did his MA in Philosophy and soon was being appointed as the Lecturer in Political Science, History and Philosophy at the Oriental College, Lahore. Later he switched to the Government College where he was appointed to teach the English Literature and Philosophy.

Iqbal proceeded to Europe for higher studies in 1905 and stayed there for three years. Heabsence of Prof. Arnold. From England, he went to Germany to do his doctorate in Philosophy from Munich and then returned to London to qualify for the bar. Iqbal returned to India in 1908. The poet had won all these academic laurels by the time he was 32 or 33. He practiced as a lawyer from 1908 to 1934 and then it was his illness which prevented him to continue his practice and so he retired as the lawyer in 1935.

Iqbal was very much disappointed from the results of World War I and was highly aggrieved on the devastating effects of the war on the Muslims, so this was the turning point in the life of Iqbal when he started for the welfare of Muslims and soon when he noticed that there were no short solutions so he presented his ideology for a separate homeland for the Muslims of Sub-continent. And as this ideology was being presented Muslims gathered under new leadership and it was Jinnah who took up the responsibility of implementing the ideas of Iqbal, and meanwhile Iqbal through his patriotic and breathtaking poetry made the Muslims revive and awake and urged them for the run for independence. Unfortunately Iqbal didn’t lived long enough to witness the formation of Pakistan his dream and it was on the 21st April, 1938 when Iqbal died.

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Mian Yusuf Salahuddin

Mian Yousuf Salahuddin , commonly known as Yousaf Salli, is a Pakistani socialite, philanthropist, ex-Politician, and well-known cultural icon from Lahore.

mian yusuf in one of his PTV programs
mian yusuf in one of his PTV programs

He is maternally a grandson of the renowned poet and literary scholar Allama Iqbal and nephew of Javid Iqbal. His paternal grandfather,Mian Amiruddin, was the first Muslim Lord Mayor of Lahore, from the prominent “Mian” family of Lahore, Pakistan. Salahuddin is also related closely to the famous Taseer family[citation needed], from which the ex-Governor of Punjab Salman Taseer hailed.

He is also related to third Governor General of Pakistan Malik Ghulam Muhammad who from the finance ministry became the Governor General of Pakistan. He is known for having started peculiar politics in Pakistan by discharging the elected assemblies of Pakistan. This action is now seen as the beginning of “viceregal” politics in Pakistan, in which the military and civil bureaucracy, not elected officials, govern the country and maintain substantial influence over society and the provinces.

A resident of a traditional 17th century Mughal-style haveli, known as Barood Khana in the Walled City of Lahore, Salahuddin is famous for hosting lavish parties, dinners and get-togethers at his residence and elsewhere in which high-profile personalities from all walks of life throughout the country are invited as guests. He is a popular figure in the city’s arts and culture circles who is credited for reviving Basant festivals and organising various musical, artistic and poetic gatherings; the popular classicial music show Virsa Heritage Revived broadcast on PTV is personally hosted by Salahuddin and has invited performances from a number of artists.

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Eagle as a Symbol in Iqbal’s Poetry

The remarkable strength and courage of the eagle have inspired mankind throughout the ages. In ancient times the battles between the sun and the clouds were considered as battles between an eagle and a serpent and the eagle was held in awe and worshiped for its majestic figure and superb qualities. Because of their strength, eagles have been a mark of war and imperial power since Babylonian times. In Assyrian myths the eagle was the symbol of storms and lightning and the god who carried souls to Hades.

In India and Babylon the eagle was the symbol of fire, wind and storms, and regarded as the messenger of immortality. In the Golden Age of Greece, it was the emblem of victory and supreme spiritual energy. The eagle was the sacred bird of Zeus, the ruler of all gods. The Greeks represented eagles with wings outstretched, holding a serpent in their claws, which signified the triumph of good over evil. In Rome, an eagle was the symbol of Jupiter, the supreme god. For the Romans the eagle was the sign of victory. As Roman legions conquered the world, they marched under the standard of the eagle, with outstretched wings.

It was the only bird believed to be capable of staring at the sun, which mythology held to be the light of God. Eagle was the personal emblem of the Caesars who represented supreme authority. Afterwords, in the Middle Ages, it became the symbol of Germany. Hunting with an eagle was an outstanding sport in Europe but it was permissible only for the kings and monarchs. The rise of Christianity brought still more honor and dignity for the eagles. To the early Christians, the eagle was the symbol of the Ascension. In the early nineteenth century, French troops under Napoleon conquered Europe under the symbol of the eagle.

There is no denying the fact that the eagle upholds its grandeur and stateliness even in the modern times. With its acute eyesight, the eagle has come to embody an all-seeing EYE. The eagle is often a solar symbol, and is generally linked to all sky gods. It signifies inspiration, release from bondage, victory, longevity, speed, pride, agility and royalty; it is often an emblem for powerful nations. Since it lives in full light of the sun, it is considered luminous and shares characteristics with air and fire The Roman, French, Austrian, German, and American peoples have all adopted this image as their symbol. Through its detachment from earth it represents spirit and soul. Dante calls the eagle as ‘bird of God’. Being a symbol of power and authority, it retains a prominent place in America as was in ancient Rome. In American culture, the eagle is a symbol of great courage, strength and freedom. The emblems of the President, Vice President, several members of the Cabinet, and most branches of the armed forces center on the eagle. The Apollo 11 crew chose “Eagle” as the name for the first lunar landing module. Man was on the moon with the words of Eagle Scout Neil Armstrong: “Houston, Tranquility Base here — The Eagle has landed”.

In 1911, following a tradition as old as man himself, the Boy Scouts of America chose the eagle to symbolize the highest achievement. In short, since the beginning of time, man has been using the eagle as a symbol of power, victory, authority, royalty and valor. And throughout the history, the eagle is profoundly associated with man’s triumph, valor and victory.

The qualities that are attributed to a symbol may or may not be realistic or accurate. But in any case, a symbol is chosen to represent qualities or characteristics that in some sense are expressions of the ideals of that culture. Because of its large size, nomadic lifestyle, striking visage, and graceful flight, the eagle has symbolized great power, strength, freedom, elegance, and independence to many cultures throughout history. So an Eagle stands for a nation or a person who soars to the highest realms of truth and knows no fear and no bounds of time and space. It is the

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Allam Iqbal

It is hard to introduce someone as great as Allama Iqbal by a layman like me. Even Allama Iqbal didn’t know what he was then how come others know what he is. It is well explained in this couplets

Iqbal Bhi Iqbal Se Agaah Nahi Hai
Kuch Ismein Tamashkur Nahi Wallah Nahi Hai

Iqbal himself is not aware of what he is. It is not a joke, by Allah it is not.

But anyhow I will try my best to make you understand what Iqbal was.

Iqbal (1877-1938 ) was a great poet in himself as well as a great philosopher. One can say that he expressed his philosophy with his talent of poetry. His knowledge of Islam was not good in his early writings of poetry as one can make out from his initial poetry. Gradually he changed his style of poetry and matured as a great scholar in Islam. The title “Allama” itself is a proof for his knowledge in Islam. Apart from being a philosopher he worked as a teacher and also served as a politician. He was also a linguist as he coined many Urdu words. He was a far-sighted man. He had a wast vision as that of Shaheen-his poetic bird.

He has written poetry in both Urdu and Persian language. He has delivered a series of famous lectures which were published as The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam which is in English. His poetry in Urdu and Persian is considered to be among the greatest of the modern era.

He has got may titles like ‘Sir’, ‘Dr’ and ‘Allama’. He is also called as Shair-e-Mashriq (”The Poet of the East”), and Hakeem-ul-Ummat (”The Sage of Ummah”). He is officially recognised as the “National poet” in Pakistan and also known as Muffakir-e-Pakistan (”The Thinker of Pakistan”). In Afghanistan and Iran, he is known as Iqbal-e Lahori.

It is said that Iqbal was greatly influenced by the philosophies of Nietzsche and Bergson, while he regarded the western civilization as decadent and was extremely critical about it. While in referring to Nietzsche one of his couplets he says:

Agar Hota Wo Bajzoob-e-Farangi Iss Zamane Mein
Tho Iqbal Usko Samjhata, Ke Maqaam-e-Kibriya Kya Hai.

Had Nietzsche (Farangi) been present in this era
Iqbal would have thought him what is the position of glory of God.

Allama Iqbal turned to Islam for inspiration and rejected nationalism as a disease of the West. He argued that Muslims must find their destiny through the fundamental teachings of Islam i.e Qur’an and the sayings of prophet.

Quran Mein Ho Ghota Zann, Aey Mard-e-Musalman
Allah Karey Tujh Ko Ata Jiddat-e-Kirdaar
Jo Harf-e-Qul il Afw Mein Posheeda Hai Abtak
Iss Daur Mein Shayad Wo Haqeeqat Ho Namudaar

Ghota zann = Referring to read, consult and understand;
Jiddat-e-Kirdaar = Strong faith/strong character;
Harf-e-Qul il afw = Words of Quran;
Posheeda = Hidden; Namudar = To expose.

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