Tag: Karachi

PM Shahid Khaqan Abbasi’s cabinet takes oath

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi’s 43-member cabinet was sworn-in by President Mamnoon Hussain at a ceremony on Friday morning.

The new cabinet includes eight members from South Punjab, five each from Balochistan and Sindh, three from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and one each from FATA and Islamabad.

Sources said party MNAs Daniyal Aziz, Mir Dostain Domki, Ayaz Sherazi and Mumtaz Tarar did not attend the ceremony despite being on the list of new ministers.

Aziz is said to have reservations regarding his appointment as a state minister, according to sources. But Aziz rubbished such claims in a tweet, saying he stands with Nawaz Sharif.

A new ministry of ‘power’ has also been formed after combining the ministries of petroleum and electricity, sources added. A separate ministry of water will be formed as well. The prime minister, who held the portfolio of petroleum and natural resources ministry in the previous cabinet, will head the new power ministry.

The oath-taking ceremony took place at the Presidency and was attended by PML-N members and senior government officials, as well as people from other walks of life.

The members of the cabinet, speaking after the president, repeated their oath of office submitted the signed oaths to the president.

Following the oath-taking, the prime minister chaired the first session of his cabinet. The premier gave directions to the ministers to complete their designated tasks in the stipulated time period.

In the meeting, it was also decided that the cabinet will meet weekly so the ministries’ weekly progress can be gauged.

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Makli graveyard

Makli Hill is one of the largest necropolises in the world, with a diameter of approximately 8 km. It lies approximately 98 km east of Karachi and is the burial place of some 125,000 local rulers, Sufi saints and others. Makli is on the outskirts of Thatta, the capital of lower Sindh until the 17th century, in what is the southeastern province of present-day Pakistan. It was added to the World Heritage List in 1981 under the name Historical Monuments of Thatta.

Makli graveyard

Legends abound about its inception, but it is often believed that the cemetery grew around the shrine of a 14th-century Sarwa, Muhammad Hussain Abro. According to other sources, however, the credit for establishing Makli as a holy place for worship and burial goes to the immigrant saint, poet and scholar Shaikh Hammad Jamali and the then local ruler, Jam Tamachi.Another legendary person buried at Makli is the saint Pir Murad (1428-1488).

The tombs and gravestones spread over the cemetery mark the social and political history of Sindh. Many have been build using a local sandstone; others are plastered brick buildings (which have suffered the most, generally).

The impressive royal mausoleums are divided into two major groups: those from the Samma (1352–1520) and from the Tarkhan (1556–1592) period. Four historical periods are represented architecturally — the Samma, the Arghun, the Tarkhan and the Mughals periods.

The tomb (or maqbara) of the King Jam Nizamuddin II (reigned 1461–1508) is an impressive square structure built of sandstone and decorated with floral and geometric medallions. Similar to this is the mausoleum of Isa Khan Hussain II (d. 1651), a two-story stone building with majestic cupolas and balconies. In contrast to the synthetic architecture of these two monuments, which integrate Hindu and Islamic motifs, are mausoleums that clearly show the Central Asian roots of the Tarkhan and Moghul dynasties. An example is the tomb of Jan Beg Tarkhan (d. 1600), a typical octagonal brick structure whose dome is covered in blue and turquoise glazed tiles. Pavilion or canopy tombs (chattri maqbara or umbrella tomb) are another typical Indo-Islamic architectural feature, as well as enclosure tombs. The Moghul period is represented by many tombs on the southern side of the necropolis, including the mausoleum of Mirza Jani and Mirza Ghazi Baig, that of Nawab Shurfa Khan, the enclosure of Mirza Baqi Baig Uzbek and of Mirza Jan Baba as well as the impressive restored tomb of Nawab Isa Khan Tarkhan the Younger.

Today, Makli Hill is a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Site that is visited by pilgrims and tourists, but is in strong need of conservation and maintenance. Flooding in 2010 added to the deterioration of the site.

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Artificial Rain the solution to Karachi’s Heat Wave

Karachi Heat

Karachi and Sindh Governments should start pondering upon the need that Heat Wave can hit the region like 2015, in this regard all the safety measures must be taken and good anticipation is highly recommended, Artificial rainfall is also the answer to the need of heat reducing tactics. Karachi Heat

But how do you get artificial rain? Basically, a combination of chemicals is sprinkled on normal clouds— a practice called “cloud seeding”— which induces rainfall, though the same process has been used in some places to prevent hail and fog.

The practice is very common in China, where dangerously high levels of air pollution put residents at risk, which is why the government frequently uses induced rain to bring down pollution levels. and not only in china but we can take the example of UAE, which is now using this method of controlling the heat levels.

Artificial Rainfall

How the Artificial Rain works, Despite decades of cloud seeding by local agencies to try to fight drought conditions, research on its effectiveness is inconclusive.

Including snow or rain

  1. Airplane flares or grounded generators release a silver iodide aerosol into clouds cooled to less than 32 fahrenheit.
  2. Water in cloud attaches to silver iodid which has crystaline structures similar to the ice.
  3. Particles become hereby enough to fall as snow or rain.
  4. Depending on the conditions, it can take 20 to 30 minutes to produce rain.

 

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Sea-saw: Climate change makes Karachi feel under the weather

KARACHI: Karachi is in danger! There were nearly 200 islands along Sindh’s coastal belt in 1890. Now, no more than 40 remain. The danger is due to sea erosion and possible cyclones because of the climate change, said senator Karim Ahmed Khawaja.

“We have to protect the mangroves,” he said. “Movement of water at downstream Kotri is also concerning as about a million acres of land has been eroded in Badin and Thatta. The erosion has even affected Tando Muhammad Khan and soon it will hit Hyderabad if we don’t take appropriate measures.”

Speaking at the ‘Climate Change Adaptation Conference’ on Thursday, organised by Focus Humanitarian Assistance Programme in collaboration with NED University of Engineering and Technology, Khawaja said that it is the federal government’s responsibility to look after the affairs of climate-related issues. “Rice and wheat was in abundance in Sindh in the 1920s, when workers from Middle Eastern countries used to come here. Now the province starves as nothing to eat remains. And all of this is down to climate change.”

The next speaker talked about an increase in temperature and sea level and the impact of the changes . “The rise in average temperature is up to 0.6 to one degree centigrade along the coastal belt and sea level has risen annually at an approximate average rate of 1.2 millimetres per year for the past five decades,” said Pakistan Meteorological Department deputy director Zubair Ahmed Siddiqui. “These changes have been directly affecting the weather pattern along the coastal belt.”

Karachi view from a satelite

Siddiqui warned that if the issue is not addressed then Sindh’s coast will experience the brunt of nature’s wrath. “Extreme events, such as wind storms and tropical cyclones, are occurring much more frequently now than what they used to in the past,” he said. “They are warnings of a dramatic increase in damages through catastrophes.”

Siddiqui was then followed by researcher Areba Syed, whose findings also indicated that the climate of Sindh’s coast is changing. However, she was not as dramatic as the others before her. “The temperature is decreasing in Karachi,” she claimed, having compared the temperatures of Mumbai and Dubai to Karachi’s over the past half a century. “Wind speeds in Karachi are decreasing but in Mumbai and Dubai, they are increasing.”

Meteorologist and Lead Pakistan senior advisor, Dr Qamaruz Zaman Chaudhry, stressed on a community based approach to accelerate the implementation of climate change adaptation practices in coastal areas. “The plans developed by local communities consider local contextual needs and constraints that ensure community ownership,” he said.

Demographic trends show rapid urbanisation in Karachi, with an average annual rate of urbanisation exceeding four per cent per year since 1951. Rapid growth in Karachi has exacerbated environmental challenges and the city has struggled to improve aspects of basic infrastructure: roads, water pipes and sanitation.

“The green spaces in the city are reducing due to encroachments,” said Sustainable Initiatives executive director Farhan Anwar. Talking on the impact of the rise in temperature in the city, he said that the centre of the city is affected more due to human activities and congestion.

Former federal minister Javed Jabbar said that government organisations, academic institutions and scholars need to make a collective effort to revise the overall climate change framework and policies.

“Climate change is fast becoming a serious concern for the country where a significant percentage of the population is living below the poverty line and is more vulnerable to disasters,” said Focus Humanitarian Assistance Pakistan Chairperson Khadija Jamal Shaban.

Engineer Pervez Sadiq, attempted to present both sides of the story. “Go and see what you have in Astola Island; you’ll enjoy it,” he suggested hall. “You don’t know how beautiful Karachi is.

There was a time when young boys used to dive for coins from the waters at the Native Jetty Bridge but now the water is murky and polluted.”

Published in The Express Tribune, May 24th, 2014.

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Multi billion Dollar road projects in Pakistan.

M-9 first secton inaugurated by PM Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif

Pakistan is embarking on the biggest road building program in its history, with prime minister Nawaz Sharif’s office saying projects worth 1200 billion Pakistan rupees ($11.5 billion ) are underway. After the completion of these projects, the total length of new motorways will reach 2000 km, told by the government in a statement. Pakistan’s national network of highways now stretches to about 12000 kms, according to the National Highway Authority.

Many of the new projects are slated to link up with roads connecting to wider $57 billion China Pakistan Economic Corridor a joint venture of roads, railways and ports linking Pakistan to Chinese cities.

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