Tag: lahore

Senior police officers among 13 killed as suicide bomber strikes Lahore

Monday evening around 6pm outside the Punjab Assembly in Lahore during a protest, police officials said.

Inspector General of Police (IG) Punjab Mushtaq Ahmad Sukhera confirmed that six police officials were among the dead, including two senior officers.

85 people were also injured in the attack, which he said had targetted police officials present at the site.

The Jamat-ul-Ahrar faction of the banned Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) claimed responsibility for the attack.

“The suicide attacker was on foot,” Counter Terrorism Department (CTD) Chief Dr Mohammad Iqbal had revealed earlier.

SSP Operations Zahid Gondal of Punjab Police and DIG Traffic Lahore Capt (retd) Ahmad Mobin were among those killed in the attack.

Hours earlier, DIG Mobin had been seen on television, mediating with the protesters gathered at the site.

Mobin was reportedly at the site to negotiate with protesters for an end to the sit-in and to clear the area.

A large group of chemists and pharmaceutical manufacturers were gathered in front of the provincial assembly to protest a government crackdown against the sale of illegal drugs. There was a significant presence of law enforcers in the area while the protest was ongoing.

Up to 400 people had attended the protest, according to an AFP reporter who was on the scene when the explosion occurred.

Rescue services, including ambulances and fire tenders, reached the scene soon after the attack. An emergency was also declared in all hospitals of Lahore. Majority of the casualties were shifted to Mayo Hospital and Ganga Ram Hospital.

Contingents of Pakistan Army and Rangers also reached the site.

The security forces cordoned off the area with tents, with the inner cordon taken over by Army personnel. Forensic teams were collecting evidence and had started initial investigations.

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif condemned the attack and reiterated Pakistan is in decisive fight against terrorism while praising the sacrifices of the slain security personnel.

Chief of Army Staff General Qamar Javed Bajwa instructed local military commanders and intelligence agencies to provide all necessary assistance to civilian authorities and arrest those responsible, a statement issued by the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) read.

Terror alert

NACTA notification.
NACTA notification.

In a Feb 7 notification addressing the Home Secretary, Punjab, the Provincial Police Officer and DG Pak Rangers Punjab, the National Counterterrorism Authority (NACTA) had warned of a possible terrorist attack in Lahore.

NACTA had directed that all vital installations, including important buildings, hospitals and schools, be kept under strict vigilance.

“Extreme vigilance and heightened security measures are suggested to avoid any untoward incident,” the notification added.

Punjab Law Minister Rana Sanaullah said that maximum preparations were made after the threat alert was received.

“The spot where the blast took place is always under threat. Even if there was no alert, strict security measures are always taken in the area.”

Source www.Dawn.com

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Multi billion Dollar road projects in Pakistan.

M-9 first secton inaugurated by PM Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif

Pakistan is embarking on the biggest road building program in its history, with prime minister Nawaz Sharif’s office saying projects worth 1200 billion Pakistan rupees ($11.5 billion ) are underway. After the completion of these projects, the total length of new motorways will reach 2000 km, told by the government in a statement. Pakistan’s national network of highways now stretches to about 12000 kms, according to the National Highway Authority.

Many of the new projects are slated to link up with roads connecting to wider $57 billion China Pakistan Economic Corridor a joint venture of roads, railways and ports linking Pakistan to Chinese cities.

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Lahore Metro Bus

Lahore metro bus near Badshahi masjid
Lahore metro bus near Badshahi masjid

The Lahore Bus Rapid Transit or Lahore Metrobus, is a bus rapid transit (BRT) system in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.

The first section, which consists of a 27-kilometres long route and 29 bus stations between Gajumata to Shahadra was opened by Turkey’s Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdağ and Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif in February 2013.

The route covers dozens of residential and commercial localities along the city’s main artery — Ferozepur road, linking together Lytton road, Jain Mandar, MAO College, Lower Mall, Civil Secretariat, Aiwan-i-Adal, Chowk Katchehry (District Courts), Shrine of Hazrat Data Ganj Bakhsh, Ravi Road, and Shahdra town. The other routes are over mountain passes. An 8-kilometer section of the route is elevated.

The system uses e-ticketing and Intelligent Transportation System wand. The system is managed by the Punjab Metrobus Authority (PMBA) with the IT part is being carried out in coordination with Punjab IT Board.

History
Lahore Transport Company was established in 1984 to ease the traffic conditions of Lahore and improve bus services. LTC got all the transport responsibilities of traveling in Lahore in December 2009. A BRTS fleet of 650 Buses was introduced. It was given name “TransLahore”. However, the BRTS did not have dedicated lanes and had to share roads with regular traffic with no right of way privileges. This resulted in a system that was a BRTS only in name.

Planning
After 20 years of discussion, the ambitious and expensive Lahore Metro, which had first been proposed in 1991 was abandoned in favour of a bus transit system, inspired by the successful Istanbul Metrobus system. Plans were developed in the last quarter of 2011 by both local and Turkish experts.

Construction
Construction of the project was divided into different packages and was awarded to different contractors. M/s Zahir Khan & Brothers in Joint venture with M/s Reliable Engineering Services (Pvt.) Limited constructed the major part of the Flyover including two elevated rotaries for BRTS.Habib Construction Services construct the down ramp to taxali gate of flyover. Construction project started in March 2012 and buses entered service in February 2013. The system, which was constructed by the Traffic Engineering and Planning Agency (TEPA), a subsidiary of the Lahore Development Authority (LDA) at a cost Rs 29.8 billion. The system was built on the build–operate–transfer basis via the collaboration between the Punjab and the Turkish government.

The system was inaugurated by Punjab, Chief Minister, Mian Shahbaz Sharif on February 11, 2013, in a ceremony attended by Turkish Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdağ, Prime Minister and PML-N chief Nawaz Sharif, as well as ambassadors from a number of other countries. The Mayor of Istanbul, Kadir Topbaş, also announced a gift of 100 buses.[8] It is Pakistan’s first bus rapid transit system.

Operation
Lahore MBS currently operates a fleet of 86 buses. The buses run on a single 28.7 km long Ferozepur Road corridor with two other corridors being planned. Buses on the current route have an average speed of 26 km/h.

Following the initiation ceremony, use of the system was to be free during the first month. However, following a week of chaos and overcrowding, a fare of Rs. 20 (US$0.2) was imposed irrespective of the destination.

According to the Lahore Transport Company, the daily ridership of the Metrobus exceeds 180,000 with the peak hourly ridership being 10,000 passengers per hour per direction (p/h/d). Studies conducted by the transport company claim that this figure will increase by 222% to 20,000 p/h/d in 2021. To keep the cost affordable for everyone Punjab Government has to pay Rs 40 as subsidy on each Re 20 ticket.

Design
The Lahore Metrobus meets the criteria laid out by the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy. It has barrier-controlled, automated off-board fare collection, a service interval of less than 2 minutes during peak hours, stations with well-designed signage and information systems and a precision bus docking system (See: Guided Bus). The terminal approach system has escalators and underground, subway-styled approach tubes. Due to these approach tubes, prospective passengers don’t have to cross high-speed roads to get to the stations, but go below them instead, an example of a segregated Right-of-way. The stations have parking spaces for motorbikes and cycles while the two terminals provide car-parking facilities as well.

Ticketing System
Two types of ticketing systems exist at the Metrobus terminals:

Single-ride tokens that are good for one journey only and can be purchased for Rs. 20 (US$0.20) at the on-site ticket booth or the self-service Ticket Vending Machines (TVM).
Metrobus Cards that can be utilized for multiple journeys. These RFID-based cards are credit-card sized and can be obtained from the ticket-office for a refundable amount of Rs. 130 (US$1.33). These cards can be recharged to a maximum balance of Rs. 1000 (US$10) at the TVMs. The Metrobus cards remove the hassle of standing in a queue for a token and card-holders can proceed directly to the terminal.
Route
The route of the bus transit system is as follows:
1.Lahore Metrobus
2.Legend

3.Gajjumata Terminal
4.Dulu Khurd Station
5.Youhanabad Station
6.Nishtar Colony Station
7.Atari Saroba Station
8.Kamahan Station
9.Chungi Amar Sidhu Station
10.Ghazi Chowk Station
11.Qainchi Chowk Station
12.Ittefaq Hospital Station
13.Naseerabad Station
14.Model Town Station
15.Kalma Chowk Station
16.Gaddafi Stadium Station
17.Canal Road Station
18.Ichhra Station
19.Shama Road Station
20.Qartaba Chowk Station
21.Janazgah Station
22.MAO College Station
23.Civil Secretariat Station
24.Kachery Station
25.Bhatti Chowk Station
26.Azadi Chowk Station
27.Timber Market Station
28.Niazi Chowk Station
29.Shahdara Terminal
Expansion
The Punjab Government in April 2015 approved the expansion of Lahore Metrobus. 15 km track will added on current route. On Northern end it will be expanded 10 km from Shahdara to Kala Shah Kaku and on Southern end it will be expanded 5 km from Gajjumata to Lda city near Kahna.

Incidents
Overheating vehicles, May 2013
During late May 2013, the Metrobuses started to develop an over-heating problem as the temperatures in the city crossed 45°C. The air-conditioners gave away and the engines started blowing fumes. Passengers had to bear sweltering heat in the congested buses as well as constant stoppages.[17] Punjab Metrobus Authority’s public relations officer, Amir Masood, told the media that when the buses were imported the manufacturers, Sweden-based Volvo and China-based Sunwin, were told to provide buses that could remain operational in temperatures approaching 51 °C. When the operation error came to surface, Masood said that the suppliers are being fined and the further import of buses from them is halted. To counter the problem, new air-conditioning units were fitted in the buses in late June 2013.

Related Projects.
The Punjab Government, in the development program of 2013-14, proposed similar Metrobus projects for Rawalpindi, Faisalabad and Multan.[19] Metrobus in Islamabad and Rawalpindi was inaugurated on 4 June 2015 by the Prime Minister himself.[20] Multan Metrobus is under construction in the city of Multan. Karachi Metrobus and Faisalabad Metrobus are also planned.They are just been planned when construction will start.

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Pakistan Television Corporation

ptv logo
ptv logo

Pakistan Television Corporation is a public and commercial broadcasting television network, as well as a mass-media state-owned megacorporation, headquarters at Islamabad,Pakistan.

Founded on 26 November 1964, by an international-sector organization NEC, under license from the Government of Pakistan, PTV was the first major televised media broadcasting network in Pakistan and currently operates under the government-ownership management of the government of Pakistan. Although it was originally under private-ownership management, the PTV was integrated under government-ownership in a nationalization programme in 1970, after failing to produce targeted revenue. The PTV is one of the well-expanded broadcasting network infrastructure and media broadcasting divisions in cities of Pakistan and abroad. For the most of the 20th century, the PTV enjoyed a dominant position in media outlets until the start of the 21st century and was one of the two major television networks in the country.

The end of PTV’s monopoly in 2000 led to a boom in electronic media, which gained greater political influence in country’s political spectrum. As of today, the PTV competes with the private television channels and remains a important asset of Government of Pakistan.
The idea of establishing a media and television industry was conceived in late 1956 and created by the privately set up national education commission, with the support of President Ayub Khan. In 1961, the private sector media mogul and industrialist Syed Wajid Ali launched a television industrial development project, bringing the role of an electrical engineer Ubaidur Rahman of Wajid Ali’s Engineering Division as the project director of the first television station in Lahore. Ali reached a milestone in 1961 after establishing a private television broadcasting company with the cooperation of Nipon Electric Company (NEC) of Japan and Thomas Television International of United Kingdom.

In 1963, a public meeting was chaired by President Ayub Khan; therefore the government decided the television station and media industry in the country. Since 1963, its headquarters are in Islamabad, near the Cabinet Secretariat. From 1961 to ’62, a television headquarters was established in Lahore and several pilot transmission tests were taken by Rahman’s team. Subsequently many television divisions were established throughout Pakistan by this team, including East-Pakistan.
On 26 November 1962, after an introduction by Wajid Ali, the first news were broadcast which beamed black and white transmission by the PTV. The first programme, formatted by Thomas Television International, telecast amateur programmes with foreign films; the television division in the Punjab Province was established with the help of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Colombo Plan, and the Government of Japan. Private industries commercials were permitted with no fee; initially all the commercials of industrial conglomerates were tax-free with no additional charges.

The PTV remained under the private sector management with more than half of the shares were sold to Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in a fear that all shares would fall into the hands of government in the name of greater interest of the country. President Ayub Khan appointed Ubaidur Rahman in the Ministry of Information to continue with the NEC joint venture collaboration in launching the PTV.

The project began with a tent on the back lot of Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation by Ubaidur Rahman where a transmission tower and a studio were constructed by his team. On 26 November 1964, President Ayub Khan inaugurated the first official television station commencing transmission broadcasts from Lahore, followed by Dhaka, Bangladesh in 1965 (then the capital of East Pakistan), a third centre was established in Rawalpindi and Islamabad in 1965 and the fourth in Karachi in 1966. On 29 May 1967, the private company established as “Pakistan Television Corporation” under the Company Act, 1913, with private sector remains charged with broadcasting the television.
In 1971, the PTV was brought completely under the government ownership management under a nationalization programme and expanded its network infrastructure in all over the country. Later centres in Peshawar and Quetta were established by 1974. Originally broadcast in black and white, PTV began colour transmission in 1976. With this new upgrade in techniques and equipment, the Pakistan Television Academy was founded and opened in 1987 to teach students who wished to work in the medium. As with the other agreement, the government financed most of the funds while the private venture capitalists offered to fund the remainder. PTV launched a full-scale satellite broadcasting service in 1991–92; Digital TV satellite broadcasting was launched in 1999.
During the decades of the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, PTV dramas and teleplays were considered as the best in the Indian subcontinent.[citation needed] These includedKhuda Ki Basti, Unkahi, Tanhaiyaan, Aangan Terha, Fifty Fifty, Studio Dhai (2-1/2), Studio Ponay Teen (2-3/4), Andehra Ujala, Sona Chandi, Uncle Urfi, Taleem-e-Baalighan, Alif Noon, Waaris, Dhoop Kinare, Sunehray Din,Guest House Alpha Bravo Charlie, Ana, Akhri Chatan, Zair, Zabar, Pesh and block buster serials likeDhuwan, Kath Putli, Wafa Ham Nibhaein Gai, Bandhan, Kaghaz Kay Phool, Muqqdas, Bint-e-Adam, Malangi, Sawan, Sheela Bagh, Tinkay, Aisa Bhi Hota Hai, rasta de zindgi, Chuban, Kuch Lamhay, khuwahesho kay sarab, and many others

Unlike other state-run corporations, the television company was allowed by the Government of Pakistan to raise a sizable amount of private capital to finance the stations. This includes a Rs.35 per month TV fee charge to all consumers of electricity.
The broader perspective to start electronic media in the country was to inform and educate the people through wholesome entertainment and to inculcate in them a greater awareness of their own history, heritage, current problems and development as well as knowledge of the world at large.

In fulfillment of its broad and main objectives, PTV’s telecast policy concerning matters of national and international interests has always been motivated and guided by the cardinal principles of educating viewers about the values that are vitally important in building a united, integrated and disciplined society. These objectives have successfully been achieved through programs on religion, education, entertainment and culture.

The projection of new, emerging social order is highlighted in PTV’s general programming focusing directly and indirectly on themes like morality, civic or national responsibilities, drive against narcotics, environmental pollution, agricultural reforms in discussions, shows, and through anchorpersons in the transmission.

PTV channels are family oriented and the salient features of its policy are as follows:

PTV Corporation’s broadcasts are family oriented; they carters the need of local audience by showing eastern family programs.
It acts on social development theory of media: That’s why it shows informative programs about health and social issues.
It censors commercials and holds a conservative standard as compared to other channels.
It supports government policies on national and international matters.
PTV can be received via satellite in South Asia, East Asia and the Middle East, Africa, Europe. North America. Selected programming can be seen on Prime TV (with a partnership) in the United Kingdom and Europe.

PTV operates following channels:

PTV Home – (The original PTV) 24-hour entertainment channel, the transmission is broadcast across Pakistan on terrestrial network and worldwide through satellite. The content of the terrestrial and satellite channel is different, for example, terrestrial programming includes live telecast of Pakistan’s cricket matches but satellite channel cannot broadcast these matches.
PTV News – 24-hour news channel which can be viewed in many parts of the globe.
PTV National – An emphasis on broadcasting programmes in different languages to represent the whole of Pakistan.
AJK TV – For the residents of Azad Kashmir.
PTV Bolan – For speakers of Balochi Pashto and Brahvi.
PTV Global – Offered exclusively for the Pakistani diaspora in the United States on Dish Network, and recently launched in Europe.
PTV Sports – a 24-hour sports channel that started from January 2012
PTV World – started as PTV-2 in 1992 as first satellite channel of Pakistan was given a new name of PTV World in 1998 and went off air in 2007, it was re-launched as a 24-hour English channel in January 2013.
PTV Prime (Now Prime TV), Prime TV had been a part of PTV Family from 1998 till 2005 as an exclusive broadcast of PTV for Europe and North America.
Channel-3, a 24 hour channel. a joint venture of PTV and STN (Shalimar Television Network), launched in 1999/2001 and went off air in 2005
Administrative divisions of Ptv:
News division
Pakistan Television News informs its viewers across the country on the latest newsworthy happenings on the national and international levels. During the past few years, there has been rapid expansion in the area and scope of news coverage.

Following the Pakistani private news channels, PTV News gives on-camera reporting and special news reports.
PTV news broadcasts stretch over from early morning till midnight. There are news bulletins in Urdu, English, Arabic and Kashmiri languages. All the news bulletins after 6.00 p.m. are being aired on the national network which are beamed through satellite to more than 38 countries.
Regional language bulletins include Punjabi from Lahore Centre, Sindhi from Karachi Centre, Pushto and Hindko from Peshawar, and Baluchi, Pushto and Bravi from Quetta Centre are telecast.
To bring home maximum coverage of international events, PTV news has made arrangements with Reuters TV, London, to satellite news items to PTV Islamabad round the clock. PTV news covers all visits abroad of VVIPs, international conferences and important other events through its own camera teams and makes possible to air them same night.
Like international networks, PTV news sent its camera team to Afghanistan to cover the fighting and plight of the common man there.

Current affairs programmes have been a regular features of PTV Transmission, ever since its inception. A separate PTV Current Affairs Directorate was established in 1982.

Current affairs programmes, including regional languages, produced by each of the TV Centre are accommodated in regular PTV transmission. The themes of regional language programs mainly revolve around local and provincial matters of current affairs nature. The Current Affairs Division produces programs on special occasions such as live telecast of Armed Forces Parade on Pakistan Day, live telecast of flag hoisting ceremony on Independence Day, Head of State’s Address to the Nation, documentaries on important national projects, live telecast of certain sessions of Senate and National Assembly. In the program Open Forum, Federal Ministers/Minister of States are invited to answer the questions through e-mail, on Telephone and by Media/Experts sitting in the various studios of Ptv. This program is live and is very popular amongst viewers.

Sports division
Division was created in 1983 to provide healthy entertainment to viewers. It has emerged as an extremely productive and earning division for the PTV.
The chief objectives of this division are to arrange healthy sports entertainment through the coverage of exciting moments and happening in the field of sports and to keep the viewers abreast with the National and International sports event.
Sports Division is producing 200 minutes regular weekly transmission on PTV apart from occasional international/national sports coverage. PTV televises live national and international sports around the world, keeping in view the interest of Pakistani viewers.
International relations
I R Division of participates in the international television festivals/competitions sending best the PTV programs. PTV has won distinguished prizes and commendations.

A large number of programs have been sold for telecast in counties which resulted from the strength of the financial condition of PTV. M/s Shalimar Recording and Broadcasting Company and M/s Sports Star International are the major distributors of PTV programmes.

A lot of PTV plays and documentaries have been provided to foreign countries through ministries and missions abroad on gratis basis for the projection of Pakistan and its people.

Dubbing and editing is carrying out by I.R. Division. Some selected programs are subtitled in English and Arabic languages for overseas projection especially for Muslim countries. Documentaries from National Geographic are being televised with Urdu dubbing. A series of animated imported programme “Treasure Island” is being dubbed in Urdu language for telecast. PTV has recently provided the satellite facilities to foreign agencies with regard to nuclear tests and earned approximately US$04/- LAC.

PTV has procured foreign canned programs on hire/rental basis. PTV procures foreign programs including feature films, cartoons, science fiction, comedy, adventure, classic drama serials/series and general programs.

PTV Film Censor Board
PTV Censor Board was formed in 1968 headed by Director Programs Administration. It was separately instituted within PTV on the approval of Secretary Ministry of I&MD in December 1980 to clear and certify bulk of imported and locally acquired programs with speed and efficiency. Consultant News/Current Affairs/Presentation presently heads the Board.

Engineering
The Engineering Division takes care of the day-to-day operations and maintenance of PTV Centres and Rebroadcast Stations, new projects, Planning & Procurement, as well as research and Development activities.

An engineering feat at the time Pakistan began television transmissions in 1964 at Lahore long before its neighbors Iran in [1967] and India in [1971]. Over the years the system has grown into a Countrywide network offering two programming channels.

1961 Phillips Conceptual B&W Test at Expo Fair in Karachi, Pakistan.
1962 Private Test Transmissions in Lahore, Pakistan.
1964 Television service (PTV) in monochrome started at Lahore with Nippon Electric Company (NEC) Collaboration.
1965 Television service starts in Dhaka, East Pakistan (presently Bangladesh).
1965 Transmission begins in Rawalpindi/Islamabad.
1966 Transmission begins in Karachi.
1973 National Microwave Network commissioned linking TV centres..
1974 Quetta/Peshawar centres commissioned.
1976 Colour transmission started.
1987 Federal TV centre at Islamabad commissioned.
1992 Second TV Channel (PTV 2) for education commissioned. (One TV station at Islamabad & 16 rebroadcast stations).
1996 Local area transmission from four (4) stations started and extended to 3 more stations.
1998 Transmission of PTV World programmes started.
1998 Up to six production centres (Lahore, Karachi, Quetta, Peshawar, Islamabad-I & Islamabad-II). 35 rebroadcast stations in operation for PTV-1. 16 rebroadcast stations in operation for PTV-2.
PTV-1 – Area covered: 38%; Population covered: 86.48%
PTV-2 – Area covered: 24.19%; Population covered: 55.83%
Training academy[edit]
Main article: PTV Academy
Established in 1987, Pakistan Television Academy is an apex TV institution in Pakistan, which imparts professional training in disciplines of television broadcast technology. It is headed by a full-time director and assisted by a team of television professionals who are members of the academic faculty.

Till June 1998, over 3100 persons have attended training programmes conducted by PTV Academy. These participants attended training courses in Engineering, Computer, Finance, Administration, News, Current Affairs and Programmes Production. They include visiting participants from other countries including SAARCmembers.

Year 2012
Year 2012 saw a rapid popularity in PTV programs. PTV gathered huge viewership and TRP ratings by covering 2012 ICC World Twenty20 and top rated drama serial on PTV Talafi.

Logo
Ubaidur Rahman the first GM and originator of PTV commissioned Pakistan’s supremo artist A. R. Chughtai to design a conceptual logo for PTV, this logo was later redesigned with minor modifications by another leading artist Shahzad Nawaz Khan for a more up to date look.

Staff
The early team of Ptv

Ubaidur Rahman, First GM, (Founder and Chief Executive of PTV), by appointment of President Ayub Khan
Nisar Hussain (First program producer of PTV)
Zubair Chaudry
Mustafa Kamal Mandokhail
Aslam Azhar, Producer
Muslehuddin
Mumtaz Hamid Rao
Zafar Samdani
Tariq Aziz
PTV personalities
Agha Nasir
Kunwar Aftab Ahmed
Anwar Hussain
Akhtar Waqar Azeem
Ashfaq Ahmed
Ashraf Azeem
Firdous Jamal
Qavi Khan
Kashif Mehmood
Irfan Khoosat
Ayesha Sana
Moeen Akhtar
Sohail Ahmed
Tariq Aziz
Shoaib Mansoor
ashan qadir hashmi
Iqbal Ansari
Amjad Islam Amjad
Ghayyur Akhtar
Muhammad Ghayas Uddin
Masood Akhtar
Aurangzaib Laghari
Munnu Bhai
Rashid Mehmood
Farrukh Sohail Goindi[4]
Obaidullah Baig
Zahid Iqbal Mirza –
Murtaza Baig
Siddiq Ismail
Qari Abdul Majid Noor
Dildar Pervaiz Bhatti
Muhammad Farooq
Fatima Surayya Bajia
Ishrat Ansari
Mehreen Jabbar
Mohammed Ehteshamuddin
Jan Muhammad Baloch
Sadia Imam
Rauf Khalid
Saadia Afzaal
faiz ahmed meeran
Muhammad, Umar
Tariq Mairaj
Iqbal Hasan Khan
Zafar Mairaj
Tauseeq Haider
Kanwal Masood
Amjad Bukhari
Kanwal Naseer
Mustansar Hussain Tarar
Manzoor Qureshi
Zafar Malik, Executive Producer News
Asmatullah Niazi
IQBALJMAIL
Alam Lohar
Khalid Mahmood Khan (to be confirmed)
Engineer Intazar Baloch
Engineer Muhammad Azhar Murtaza
Farooq Waiter

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Anarkali ka Maqbara

Anarkali (Pomogranate Blossom) was the title given to Nadira Begum or Sharf-un-Nisa, one of the favourites of the harem of Emperor Akbar. According to legend (though it is not corroborated by any comtemporary sources, including the autobiography of Jahangir), one day, while the Emperor was seated in an apartment lined with mirrors, he saw the reflection of young Anarkali in the mirror returning the smile of Prince Salim (who later became the Emperor Jahangir). Suspecting that Anarkali was having an affair with his son, he ordered that she be buried alive. She was placed in an upright position at the selected place and walled in with bricks. Prince Salim felt intense remorse at her death and had a monument raised over her sepulcher once he became Emperor.

Anarkali ka maqbara
Anarkali ka maqbara

o the south of Lahore’s Old City, has lost most of its original decoration. Octagonal in plan, its sides alternately measure 44 feet and 30 feet. It stands on an octagonal platform. On each corner there is a domed octagonal tower, and in the centre, a large dome on a high cylindrical neck. A notable feature of this massive structure is its upper storey gallery and bold outlines. It is one of the earliest existing examples of a double domed structure in Pakistan. The lower shell of the dome is constructed of small bricks in five stages or rings. The central dome is supported inside by eight arches 12 feet 3 inches thick. It is a masterpiece of solid masonry work of the early Mughal period.

In the time of Ranjit Singh, the building was occupied by his son Kharak Singh, who gave it to an Italian general, Ventura, who converted it into a private residence. The monolithic marble gravestone had already been removed. Later, it served as an office for the Punjab Board of Administration until 1851, when it was converted into a Protestant church. In 1891 it reverted to the Punjab government.

The sarcophagus, made of a block of pure marble of extraordinary beauty and exquisite workmanship, was put away in one of the side bays when the building was first converted into a church. It was then placed in the spot from which the altar had been removed rather than being replaced in its original central position. In 1940 the grave was found intact in its original position, five feet below the present floor. From accounts of its discovery, the grave is apparently of plastered brick-work, inscribed on the top and sides with the ninety-nine attributes of God and below with the inscription, “the profoundly enamored Salim, son of Akbar.” The sarcophagus bears two dates, 1599 (supposed to refer to the death of Anarkali) and 1615 (supposed to be the date of the tomb’s erection). Historians now believe the tomb to be that of Sahab-e-Jamal, one of the wives of Jahangir, who died in Lahore in 1599.

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